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Art and drawing lessons: the basic elements and principles of design

Basic element of good design.  Concept Art lessons: THE ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

The Elements of Design are the things that artists and designers work with to create a design, or composition. To make a successful piece, there are important core elements we need to know. The Elements are: line, shape, space, value, color and texture.

Line … The Graphic Unifier, Curved, Straight. Directional Thrust: Horizontal, Vertical, and Diagonal.

Shape … Organic or Naturalistic, Geometric.

Space / Size … Large, Medium, Small. Proportion or Scale. (The Golden Mean)(Perspective)

Value … From Light to medium to Dark.

Color … Hue, Chroma, and Value. (The Color Wheel)

Texture … Rough, Smooth, Soft, Hard.

The Principles of Design are achieved through the use of the Elements of Design. Each principle applies to each element and to the composition as a whole. The Principles are: unity, harmony, balance, rhythm, contrast, dominance, and gradation.

Unity … Echoes of all elements relating.

Harmony … Within each element and as a whole.

Balance … With the commonly known as "weights" of the segments of each element.

Rhythm … Variety and Repetition.

Contrast … Alternation.

Dominance … Within each element. (Center of Interest, Focal Point)

Gradation … Transitions.

A COMPOSITION is an arrangement of all the elements, which achieves a unified whole. But alas, it is merely a tool to create form and content. Content relates to human emotion and the intellect and is the end result of the reasons for painting. Design is a means to that end.

Check out this tutorial: Basic Photoshop for Beginner Artist

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Thanks for all overwhelming support and e-mails guys!!!


Fibro Viv said…

This is a great post on helping people learn on to draw people. Thank you for sharing.

I hope and pray you have a pain and fatigue free day!

Fibro Viv
Pooria AZ said…
thanks man you are great . please continue tutorials like this i love it ...i think you are an Art graduated right ?? see ya
idrawgirls said…
fibro>> Sorry for the late reply, thank you for your kind regards. ;)

cyber box>> I have a degree in Finance/business...I went to art school afterward (2-3 years after my first BA and working for Evil Empire for a while.) but I get a job with local game company before I graduate. Now I am with ArenaNet/NCsoft ;).
Anonymous said…
You are officially my Guru. Thanks